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“Wheels” Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel Model

The original Power and Control Wheel and Equality Wheel were developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs in Duluth, MN.

FAQs about the Wheels answers commonly-asked questions about the Power and Control model.

Video of Ellen Pence, co-creator of the Power and Control Wheel model, describing how it was created.

The majority of other wheels were adapted from the original DAIP model, unless otherwise specified.  Most of the wheels are NOT copyrighted and MAY be used in public education efforts as long as they are presented EXACTLY as they are posted on this site, with the appropriate credits. A few of the wheels are copyrighted. For permission to reprint those wheels, contact the organization copyrighting the wheel.

If you have a new wheel or an existing wheel translated into another language and would like for it to be posted on this site, please submit it to the National Center on Domestic and Sexual Violence. Thank you!


ABUSE IN LATER LIFE WHEEL, National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life, End Domestic Abuse Wisconsin, 2006. Based on the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN. See Development of Abuse Later in Life Wheel.

ABUSE OF CHILDREN, Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

ABUSES ENDURED BY A WOMAN DURING HER LIFE CYCLE, Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence, San Francisco, CA. Copyright © January 2002 Asian & Pacific Islander on Domestic Violence.

ADVOCACY EMPOWERMENT WHEEL, Missouri Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence, Jefferson City, MO. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

ADVOCACY WHEEL ~ ARABIC, translated by Layali Eshqaidef and Mona Farroukh, Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUG USE (Español), Patricia J. Bland, Alaska Network on Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault, Juneau, AK. Copyright © 2005 Alaska Network on Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault.

BULLYING POWER & CONTROL WHEEL, Kayte Anton, YWCA Crisis Center, Enid, OK. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

CHARGING POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, Wynn Consulting, 2007. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

CHILDREN COPING WITH FAMILY VIOLENCE WHEEL (English and Español), developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

COMMUNITY ACCOUNTABILITY WHEEL (English and Español), Mike Jackson and David Garvin, Domestic Violence Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

COMMUNITY-ACCOUNTABILITY MODEL OF MEN'S VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, Men Stopping Violence, Decatur, GA. Copyright © 2005 Men Stopping Violence.

CONTINUUM OF CARING ~ Community-Based Resources for Battered Women, The Community Audit: A Resource for Battered Women’s Advocates, Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Harrisburg, PA: 1997.

COORDINATED COMMUNITY ACTION MODEL, Mike Jackson and David Garvin, Domestic Violence Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Inspired and adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

CREATOR, Mending the Sacred Hoop, Duluth, MN.

DEAF POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, DeafHope, Oakland, CA. Inspired and adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN. Copyright © 2006 DeafHope.

Domestic Violence: A Cross-Cutting Issue for Social Workers, Fran Danis. Based on the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND EMPLOYMENT WHEEL, Peace@Work, Raleigh, NC: 2005. Inspired and adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

Domestic Violence Integrated in Social Work Education (English and Español), Fran Danis. Based on the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

EQUALITY WHEEL (English and Español), developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

Equality Wheel: People with Disabilities and Their Caregivers, Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence, based on the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

EQUALITY WHEEL ~ ARABIC, translated by Layali Eshqaidef and Mona Farroukh, Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

FAMILY VIOLENCE in Later LifE WHEEL, End Domestic Abuse Wisconsin. Based on the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

GAY, LESBIAN, BISEXUAL AND TRANS POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, developed by Roe & Jagodinsky. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel, developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN. Updated by Texas Council on Family Violence, Austin, TX.

HIV / AIDS AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE: COERCIVE FACTORS, developed by Alabama Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel, developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

Ideal Institutional Response, National Center on Domestic and Sexual Violence, Austin, TX.

IMMIGRANT POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL (English and Español), adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

INSTITUTIONAL POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

JUDICIAL RESPONSES THAT EMPOWER BATTERED WOMEN, James Ptacek, "Battered Women in the Courtroom: The Power of Judicial Responses," Northeastern University Press, 1999.

LESBIAN / GAY POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL (English and Español), developed by Roe & Jagodinsky. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel, developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

LIFETIME SPIRAL OF GENDER VIOLENCE (multiple languages), Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence, San Francisco, CA: January 2002, revised 2007.

THE MAZE OF COERCIVE Control, Kathryn J.H. Jones. Copyright © 2011. For permission to reprint, contact dvsur5r@yahoo.com.   Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

MEDICAL POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, Domestic Violence Project, Kenosha, WI.  Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM ADVOCACY WHEEL, DVP, Inc., Kenosha, WI: 1992. Inspired and adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM POWER & CONTROL WHEEL, DVP, Inc., Kenosha, WI: 1992. Inspired and adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

MILITARY POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

MUSLIM POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, Peaceful Families Project. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

MUSLIM WHEEL OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE (English and Français), par Dr Sharifa Aklhateeb, a été adaptée à partir de la Roue du pouvoir et du contrôle élaborée par le Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

NATURAL DISASTERS: POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Tallahassee, FL. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

NATURAL LIFE-SUPPORTING POWER WHEEL (English and Español), Sacred Circle - National Resource Center to End Violence Against Native Women. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel, developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

NURTURING CHILDREN, Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

ORGANIZATIONAL PREVENTION CAPACITY-BUILDING WHEEL, Delaware Coalition Against Domestic Violence DELTA Program, Wilmington, DE.

PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES IN PARTNER RELATIONSHIPS POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL and RESPECT WHEEL, created by SafePlace, Austin, TX: 2011. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

POLICE PERPETRATED DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN. Copyright © 1998, revised 2004 Diane Wetendorf.

POST-SEPARATION POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN. Copyright © 2013 Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs.

POSTERS OF THE WHEEL, Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

"POWER AND CONTROL OF WOMEN IN PATRIARCHAL SOCIETY" and "WOMEN CREATED IN GOD'S IMAGE AS EQUAL TO MEN" WHEELS, Jeri Gray-Reneberg, Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Department, Lincoln, NE. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

POWER & CONTROL TACTICS: USING ANIMAL CRUELTY AS PART OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, Safe Passage, Northampton, MA. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by the Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

POWER AND CONTROL IN MUSLIM FAMILIES, translated by Layali Eshqaidef and Mona Farroukh, Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services, Dearborn, MI. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

POWER AND CONTROL MODEL FOR WOMEN'S SUBSTANCE ABUSE (English and Español). Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN. Copyright © 1996 Marie T. O'Neil.

POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL (English and Español), developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

Power and Control WheeL 3 circles (English and Español), developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL ~ ARABIC, translated by Layali Eshqaidef and Mona Farroukh, Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services, Dearborn, MI. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL ~ FRANÇAIS, adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN. Copyright © 2004 Centre for Children and Families in the Justice System.

POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL ~ KOREAN, Korean Community Center of the East Bay, Oakland, CA. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL ~ KOREAN (the page 1 version covers a broad range of issues around power and control, Asian Women's Shelter, while the page 2 version focuses on forms of physical control only, Korean American Family Services Center). Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL ~ NOT VALUING CHILDREN, Katreena Scott, Caring Dads. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL FOR MEN WORKING TO END GENDER BASED VIOLENCE AND MALE ACCOUNTABILITY WHEEL, Ben Atherton-Zeman, Voices of Men. Based on the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN. Permission granted to post.

Power AND Control Wheel FOR WOMEN INVOLVED IN STREET PROSTITUTION, based on the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN. Copyright © Safe Exit at Toynbee Hall.

POWER AND CONTROL: LAWYER-CLIENT RELATIONSHIP ~ ABUSE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSAULT, P.C. Wheeler. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN: 2009.

Power AND Control Wheel: People with Disabilities and Their Caregivers, Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence, based on the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

SEX / LABOR TRAFFICKING POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL (page 2), Polaris Project. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN. Copyright © 2010 Polaris Project.

SOCIAL CHANGE, Association for Progressive Communications Women's Networking Support Programme, London, UK.

Successful Collaboration Wheel, reproduced from “Collaboration Toolkit: How to Build, Fix, and Sustain Productive Partnerships,” Tammy A. Rinehart, Anna T. Laszlo and Gwen O. Briscoe, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, Washington, DC: 2001.

TECHNOLOGY POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL ~ ARABIC, translated by Layali Eshqaidef and Mona Farroukh, Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services, Dearborn, MI. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

Teen Equality Wheel (English and Español), adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

TEEN POWER AND CONTROL SCENARIOS, Love is Respect ~ National Teen Dating Abuse Helpline. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN: 2009.

TEEN POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL (English and Español), adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

TEEN POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL ~ ARABIC, translated by Layali Eshqaidef and Mona Farroukh, Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services, Dearborn, MI. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

TEENS EXPERIENCING ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIPS POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, www.teensagainstabuse.org. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN: 2009.

TRANS-SPECIFIC POWER AND CONTROL TACTICS, FORGE, Milwaukee, WI: updated 2013. Copyright © 2013 FORGE.

USING CHILDREN POST SEPARATION TO MAINTAIN POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.

VICTIMS WHO HAVE A HEARING LOSS, Keri Darling, Deaf Vermonters Advocacy Services, South Barre, VT: 2012.

VIOLENCE AGAINST NATIVE WOMEN: BATTERING (English and Español), Sacred Circle ~ National Resource Center to End Violence Against Native Women, Rapid City, SD.

THE WHEEL OF YOUR LIFE, CindyWaitt.com. Permission granted to post.

WORKPLACE POWER AND CONTROL WHEEL, Deb Duthie, Brisbane, QLD, AU: 2012. Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs, Duluth, MN.


 


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In Memoriam ~ Ellen Pence, 1948-2012

 

Ellen Pence Obituary, Julie Bindel, The Guardian, January 12, 2012

 

Pence, Domestic Abuse Advocate Remembered, Renee Passal, WDIO-TV, February 15, 2012

 

Casey Gwinn's Interview with Ellen Pence, March 29, 2010

 

Power and Control – Domestic Violence in America documentary

 

 

 

 

 
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